Dental Extraction Tools: Purpose, Use, and Its Types


Tooth extraction is unquestionably the treatment that most patients fear. After all, it is the process of removing the tooth attached inside the alveolar bone sockets. However, they are removed only when damaged, chipped, broken, or decayed. 

The best thing is that the extraction procedure becomes easy to perform and bearable by using the ideal surgical instruments. Professional dental practitioners use dental extraction tools like forceps, elevators, curettes, etc. These help them make the treatments as much atraumatic and simplified as possible. 

Additionally, dental surgical instruments assist professionals in diagnosing, treating, manipulating, restoring, and extracting teeth and connected oral tissues.

Now let’s look more closely at the reasons for tooth removal, the procedure for dental extraction, and the instruments dentists can employ to perform it.

Purpose of Dental Extraction Tools

All surgical tools used in dentistry come with varying purposes to carry out particular tasks. Dental elevators, for instance, are used to cut through the periodontal ligament and detach the tooth from it. They merely make the tooth more easily removable without harming the tissues or gums in the area. The extraction forceps are used once the use of elevators is over. It helps in removing broken teeth. Furthermore, it helps to grasp the tooth and pull it out of the alveolar socket.

Forceps of various sizes are available to assist dentists in extracting teeth with a variety of issues. For instance, certain forceps have curved jaws that help dentists remove molars. These forceps are made of stainless steel, and some models have inserts made of tungsten carbide. As a result, this sort of material guarantees greater tool strength and longevity, which are expectations that every dentist has when investing. Thanks to such high-quality, long-lasting surgical equipment, dentists could guarantee the patients that extraction procedures would be atraumatic.

Why do Dentists Need Dental Extraction Equipment? 

Many often, a filling, a crown, or some other procedure is all that is essential for dentists to fix a fractured or chipped tooth. Dentists who favor tooth extraction, however, risk serious dental damage.

There are several specific reasons why dentists extract teeth and why they need certain equipment, including:

  • Infection or decay has reached into the patient’s tooth deeply
  • An injury or trauma
  • Need to remove the wisdom tooth 

Dentists first need to examine the dental concerns and understand the patient’s needs and then suggest the ideal procedure. Also, they must possess the appropriate tool to effectively treat the patient.

Types of Dental Extraction Instruments Used by Professionals

Dental Extracting Forceps

Dental Extraction Instruments

With the help of the extraction forceps, dentists can precisely complete the procedure and gain access to difficult-to-reach mouth regions. While handling the tooth crown diameters and shapes, it provides an unmatched grip.

This instrument is used by dentists to effectively remove teeth that are cracked, damaged, chipped, or decayed. Simply said, dentists use extraction forceps to remove teeth with the least amount of force and effort while maintaining patient safety.


Elvatome Kit with Cassette (5 Pack) - TBS Dental

Dental proximators fall under the category of dentistry extraction equipment. These are safe and effective to use when treating patient tooth issues. Additionally, it helps dentists in minimizing surgical concussions. Thereby, helping in delivering the best dental care possible to the patients and comfort when performing the procedure.

The blades are sharp and the tool is sturdy and balanced. Thus, ensuring successful, stable, and safe procedures. The nearby bone structure is also safe from any tension or discomfort. Dentists use this equipment to assure safe ligament incision and tooth extraction. 



The frings fall under the category of forceps. It comprises an internal spring that makes it quite convenient to use. The tool also has contemporary, patented auto-retractable technology.

Usually, this tool enables dentists to treat upper incisors and lower and upper molars. Also, the frings are made of German stainless steel and titanium finishing. Thus, helping dentists deliver high performance and treatment precision.

Dental Rongeurs

90 Rongeur FRINGS, Lower Universal - TBS Dental

Dental rongeurs assist dentists to treat oral health illnesses like bone disorders. Commonly, enormous patients face such oral health problems. The best thing about rongeurs is they are flexible and unique. It streamlines the process of diagnosing and treating any oral bone-related problems.

If we talk about the rongeur’s design, it is thin and efficiently penetrates the bones. Rongeurs come in a variety of sizes and shapes. Dentists frequently use the rongeurs to cut, remove or give shape to the bones. On the other side, when the tissue removal is over, it is also useful for extracting the sharp edges of the alveolar bone.

Dental Elevators

Dental Elevators

Dental elevators fall under the category of dental surgical instruments. It helps execute many processes like teeth mobilization, tooth extraction, gingival, and root removal. 

Elevators help loosen the teeth so forceps are easy to use for tooth extraction from the socket. It comprises three parts including handles, blades, and a shank.

Also, different types of elevators are available. It includes:

  • Angular: This includes both Left and Right types.   
  • Cross Bar: In this, the handle and shank are placed at a right angle. With little pressure applied, it delivers more force.
  • Straight: It has a straight wedge-shaped tip.  

Bottom Line

Simply put, tooth extraction is a treatment that dentists recommend for multiple oral health concerns. However, the treatment quality can delay if appropriate tools are not available in the practice establishment. So, no matter whether you are a beginner or a dental extraction professional, ensuring successful practice and the best patient experience depends on the tools you use. After all, dental care services contribute to the patient’s confidence and healthy smile.

You can get a wide range of quality, durable, and essential dental extraction tools from TBS Dental. The experts here, understand the need to deliver safe treatment to patients while ensuring maximum treatment comfort and precision. Hence, we design the best tools possible that meet all the dentistry practice standards.